- 文章来自： dgukedu
- 分类： 雅思备考
In order to alleviate traffic congestion in big cities, some people propose that free public transportation for 24 hours a day, 7days a week should be provided. However, I believe that this is not an effective approach to ameliorate the situation, not to mention the best one.
Free public transportation is unlikely to attract more private car users to take a bus or subway to get around in the city. Since gasoline and parking charges are far higher than the cost of any form of public transportation, most people choose to drive a car not for saving money but for efficiency and/or comfort. So this ‘free’ policy provides little incentive for them to give up their usual traveling habits. Furthermore, offering free public transport outside rush hours is unnecessary. In late nights and early mornings, even if some residents do travel by car, the comparatively small number will not put severe pressure on traffic.
Therefore, while the non-stop free public transportation might be good news to individuals regularly commuting by public transports and those who are financially disadvantaged, it does little to making the traffic less congested and may therefore be a misuse of public money. If this money, however, could be used to improve the current public transport, for example, by adding more bus stops, constructing more metro lines and providing more frequent shifts, private car drivers will be more willing to leave their cars at home, because they feel that travelling by bus or subway can be equally convenient and comfortable.
Apart from improving public transportation, there are a range of other measures that can effectively reduce the number of vehicles on streets. For example, the parking charges in downtown areas and price of gasoline can be raised so that driving into city centers will be unaffordable to most people. To deal with the problem in the long run, measures should also be taken to encourage more companies and businesses to shift their affairs to rural regions. This can significantly lighten the traffic load in big cities by drawing a great number of commuters away from the congested urban areas.
In conclusion, while continuous free public transportation may seem attractive to some city residents, it alone contributes little to easing the traffic pressure.